Maintaining your car regularly is paramount and you can achieve this by carrying out routine servicing.
A carburetor may be part of a car engine, but there are different components in a carburetor that function together to make it a working unit.
In this piece, we shall go over some common questions that are peculiar to users of the Holley carburetor. But before then, let’s get familiar with some essential carburetor components.
Components of a carburetor
- Combustion chamber: It is the part where combustion takes place to mix fuel with compressed air from a piston in the cylinder. It is also known as the float chamber.
- Venturi: It reduces the air pressure of the chamber and releases fuel from the fuel pipe for mixing.
- Idling system: It is a path that leads from the float chamber to the venturi.
- Choke valve: It works to make your car start without hassles. Its primary role is to contribute to the mixture in a car’s fuel to keep it running smoothly for day-to-day activities.
- Throttle valve: It regulates the air mixture that gets into the combustion chamber and it is sometimes called the piston valve.
- Floater: It works to keep the car’s fuel condition stable.
- Main Jet: It regulates the amount of fuel to be mixed with air.
What causes a Holley carb to flood?
As you well know, Holley carbs are known for two things; fuel leaks and flooding.
It’s a very simple problem, but at times it gets complicated especially if you don’t know what you’re looking at.
When a Holley carb is not working correctly, fuel will run through the needle and seat in various different ways and overfill the bowl.
Once this happens, the fuel will overwhelm the metering block, flow through the main feed and into the boosters and that’s when you’ll see fuel dripping down through the boosters.
If it gets even worse, the vent tubes will be involved. The fuel will travel all the way to the top of the metering block and go through the shaft, and out through the vent tube.
Why does my carburetor keep flooding?
Your carburetor can flood for different reasons, but the most common cause of flooding in the carburetor emanates from dirt in the seat and needle.
However, there are other causes of flooding in the carburetor. Below are some things that can cause flooding which many car owners don’t suspect often.
- Too much fuel pressure at the fuel pump: When the pressure at the fuel pump is too much, it can cause flooding in your carburetor. Endeavor to carry out a fuel pump pressure test to be sure that the pressure is okay.
- Misadjusted carburetor float: When the float is not properly put in place, flooding can occur. So, keep the float height adjustment within the correct range to avoid this issue.
- Bad float needle and seat: A bad needle and seat will cause an inflow of fuel into the inlet valve, and then to the bowl. Check the needle and seat to be sure that they are okay.
- Using the wrong float washer: In your carburetor, there are two float washers with varying thicknesses. Using a washer with the wrong thickness or even a damaged washer can cause flooding. Check to see if any washer is damaged and replace thereafter.
- Your carburetor is too hot: Sometimes your carburetor can get too hot because it is close to a heat source. The heat from the intake manifold can cause your carburetor to heat up, and in turn heat the fuel inside and that’s not good. A good way to prevent this is to use phenolic spacers to absorb the heat from the manifold intake.
- How does a flooded carburetor sound?
Apart from the strong smell of gasoline that you perceive when you’re trying to start a flooded engine, another indication of a flooded engine is the cranking sound you hear. This sound makes the engine sound like the compression isn’t enough.
This mostly happens when the mixture is saturated with petrol, or when the driver attempts to start the engine repeatedly and it fails. Below are some tips for when you want to start a flooded engine.
Starting a heavily flooded Car
- There’s a strong possibility that you’d have to take out the spark plugs and dry them.
- Wait for some time before putting back the plugs. This is to enable the cylinder get dry while the plugs are out.
- If your engine is heavily flooded, press down the gas pedal to the floor.
- While the engine remains heavily flooded, keep the choke valve open while cranking.
How do you fix a carburetor overflow?
A major problem of the carburetor is the overflowing problem, especially when connected to the fuel line. The following are ways in which you can fix the overflow in your carburetor.
- The first and most problematic reason behind a carburetor overflow is the float pin. When the rubber cap of the float pin gets damaged, it becomes difficult to disconnect the fuel line. This in turn makes fuel to get into the bowl. Therefore, if there’s an overflow, check the float pin first and if the problem persists, change the float itself.
- When installing the new float and you want to put back the bowl, make sure to insert the rubber O-ring in the groove properly to prevent a fuel leak from the bowl.
- The fuel itself can get too hot and sometimes you need to be particular about where your fuel lines go. Keep your fuel lines away from heat source and do a riveting on parts of your engine that may conduct heat easily.
Note: Fuel leak and flooding out through the booster and vent tube. This is a simple problem, but very complicated if you don’t know exactly what went wrong.
How it works is that fuel flows through the Holley bowl and this causes the level of fuel to rise and as it rises this will push against the needle and seat assembly, until the little needle pushes against the seat it self causing fuel to stop.
Pressure will build before the needle and seat as the fuel level goes down the pressure gets relief into the bowl and as soon as the fuel reaches it maximum height, it will close in.
If the system does not work as it should fuel is bound to flow in different directions until the bowl gets overflow which results to problems.
You have to clean out your air bleed which is usually clogged by debris. You got to use degreaser or carb cleaner for this.
Again you should check your fuel pressure. Note that is should be between 5 Psi to 6 and 1/2 Psi. If there is a higher psi then the needle will find it hard to provide enough pressure.
At this point it’s important you have a fuel pressure regulator and install a fuel gauge on the fuel line.
As you well know, the carburetor is a very vital component and your job as a car owner is to always keep tabs on your carburetor’s condition. That way, there’s a less chance of you getting lured into splashing some bucks unnecessarily because of negligence.